Exploring the Different Forms of Communication

Exploring the Different Forms of Communication

Types of Communication: As is well known, humans are social beings who need other humans to live. In establishing relationships, humans need to interact by communicating. Communication has an important role so that humans can develop a good relationships with one another.

Communication has become a part of human life. Without realizing it, every human being has ever communicated. This is because communication is a way to convey a message or information.

To get news, humans need to choose the right type of communication. The goal is for the information or transmission to be conveyed to reach the other person properly without misunderstanding or misinterpretation.

Communication Types

Before discussing the types of communication, it is better if you know the meaning of communication.

According to KBBI, communication is sending and receiving messages and news between two or more people. So that the intended message can be understood by the interlocutor.

There are several types of communication, each of which has the same goal, namely conveying information. The followings are the types of communication and their explanations.

1. Verbal Communication

Verbal communication is communication that is used by using verbal symbols and using words from one or more languages. Verbal communication is not only in the form of oral but also includes oral communication and written communication.

An example of verbal communication is when two people interact more by chatting with an intermediary or contact media such as mobile communication and others.

In addition, verbal communication can also be carried out without an intermediary, meaning that the communication occurs directly, face-to-face, between the messenger and the recipient of the message.

In addition, examples of writing and verbal communication can be sending messages to each other through various communication media such as letters, e-mails and other chat platforms.

2. Nonverbal Communication

Non-verbal communication is carried out by using non-verbal messages to convey information. The way to do this non-verbal communication is without using words or issuing sentences from the mouth.

However, by taking action to get information. Here are some examples of non-verbal communication.

Facial expressions in non-verbal communication the use of facial expressions is important. Because someone can convey information using facial expressions without having to utter a word.

An example is when someone shows a facial expression of fear and others. Body language is one way to use non-verbal communication. By doing body language, someone will know the message you want to convey.

For example, when someone gives certain body gestures, that can get the news that the person wants to say.

Touch, touch a person can perform non-verbal communication. An example often encountered is when someone laughs and then reflexively or spontaneously that person taps the other person’s shoulder, which means that the person respects the other person or vice versa.

Appearance, through appearances such as hairstyles and even how to dress or makeup, a person conveys a special message, such as being attracted to the other person and so on.

3. Formal Communication

Formal communication occurs between organizations and companies in a prearranged manner according to the organizational structure.

In proper communication, people generally use places and grammar that look more standardized and formal than in non-formal communication.

For example, during a seminar, speakers typically use standard language that is easy to understand and within a proper scope or layout, such as seating arrangement, speaker arrangement and others.

4. Informal Communication

In contrast to formal communication, informal communication occurs when one person or more in an organization or company is not predetermined in an organizational structure or does not receive official testimony.

If informal communication occurs, it is unlikely to affect the interests of an organization or the company. Examples include rumours, gossip or rumours.

5. Informal Communication

Informal communication is when communication occurs between contact that has a formal and informal nature.

When the transmission related to the implementation of a task or job from organization and company with personal activities from members of organization or company. Examples are company birthdays, organization anniversaries and so on.

6. Live Communication

The next type of communication is direct communication which can be interpreted as a communication process.

It can be carried out directly without the help of third-party intermediaries or existing communication media and is not limited by distance. For example, when someone meets somewhere and communicates.

Direct communication has several advantages because by meeting in person, the other person can see the expression and tone of the other person’s speech, reducing the risk of misunderstanding or ambiguity.

7. Indirect Communication

Indirect communication is the opposite of direct communication. Namely, the communication process occurs or is carried out with the help of third parties or tools as a communication medium.

An example is communication using a cell phone through social media and other chat platforms.

8. Communication-Based on Purpose

Types of communication-based on their intent can be divided into four: speeches, lectures, interviews and giving orders or assignments.

From four types of communication-based on these intentions, the communicator’s initiative is decisive, likewise with the ability of the communicator who plays a role when the communication process can run successfully or not.

9. Internal Communications

Internal communication can be divided into three forms: vertical, horizontal, and diagonal. Here’s an explanation.

Vertical communication occurs in one form of communication between leaders and members. Vertical transmission can be in the form of reprimands, orders, praise and others.

Horizontal communication can occur when the organization or company’s scope is between people with equal positions. Examples are communication between employees, students, teachers, and so on.

Diagonal communication can occur within the scope of the organization or company between people who have a different positions in a position that is not in line or vertical. An example is when employees from the creative or technical division in a company communicate.

10. External Communications

External communication occurs between organizations and companies, with several parties from the public who are outside the organization or company.

External communication can aim to gain understanding, assistance, trust, and cooperation with the community. External communication can include press conferences, exhibitions, expositions, promotions, radio, television, social services, and so on.

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