Definition of Aqidah: Purpose, Privileges, and Examples

Definition of aqidah – The meaning of aqidah is important for Muslims. The reason is, aqidah can also be interpreted as faith. One’s understanding of Aqidah is the basis or foundation in carrying out Islamic teachings.

Based on information from the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), the meaning of aqidah or what is absorbed into aqidah is basic belief or basic belief. According to Islamic teachings, one’s understanding of Aqidah must be sourced from the Al-Quran and hadith.

Aqidah itself turns out to have several types, each of which needs to be known in order to live a better life. To find out more about aqidah, then you can see this article to the end, Matobers.

The following is information about the types of aqeedah, how to maintain them, their features and purposes that you can understand.

Definition of Aqidah

Aqidah  or  Aqidah  (Arabic: العقيدة, translit.  al-‘aqīdah ‎) is the essence or principal in the religion of Islam, which is the essence of asserting that Allah is the only god and the only one who has the right to be worshiped or worshiped, asserting that the Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah who must be emulated by a Muslim, and know, believe, and practice the pillars of Islam and the pillars of Faith.

The term “Aqidah” ​​or often spelled “aqidah” ​​comes from the Arabic word:  al-‘aqdu  (الْعَقْدُ) which means “bond”,  at-tautsiiqu  (التَّوْثِيْقُ) which means “strong belief or belief”,  al-ihkaamu  (اْلإِحْكَامُ ) which means “to strengthen” or “to establish”, and  ar-rabthu biquw-wah  (الرَّبْطُ بِقُوَّةٍ) which means “to bind firmly”.

Most Muslims are certainly familiar with the word “Aqidah”. Because this term always appears in Islamic religious lessons. However, not everyone understands correctly what Aqidah is and its function in life. In general, the notion of aqidah is a strong bond or belief in someone for what they believe.

In Islam, Aqidah includes faith in Allah SWT and His attributes. In language, Aqidah can be interpreted as a bond or belief. Meanwhile, in terms of aqidah, it is a strong belief in a substance without the slightest doubt.

Broadly speaking, the Islamic Aqidah includes all the pillars of faith, namely faith in Allah, Angels, Books, Messengers, Day of Judgment and faith in Qada and Qadar. In essence, the notion of Aqidah is a certain belief without the slightest doubt. Therefore, adhering to the correct Aqidah is an obligation for Muslims.

When talking about the religion of Islamic faith, there are so many discussions, so to find out we need to read a book about faith. The book with the title Encyclopedia of Islamic Aqeedah is perfect for someone who wants to dig deeper into Islamic Aqeedah. What’s more, this book is very easy to understand, so it is also suitable for ordinary people.


What are the sources of Islamic Aqeedah?

Islam is a religion revealed to Prophet Muhammad SAW by Allah SWT. So, the basic guideline for the life of Muslims is the Al-Qur’an and Al-Hadith which are also used as the foundation of the Aqeedah of morality for every Muslim. Both of these foundations are used to achieve happiness both in this world and in the hereafter.

Therefore, the source of Islamic Aqeedah must be sourced from the naqli argument, namely the Qur’an and Hadith as well as the aqli argument or reason and reason. The naqli argument and the aqli argument are used together in determining the source of Aqidah or rules in Islam. This means that when determining the Al-Qur’an and As-Sunnah as sources of Aqidah, there are two things that must be considered and studied carefully.

So, when you want to learn or practice aqidah, it must be sourced from the Al-Quran and Hadith.

The Scope of Aqidah

Then, what is learned in Aqidah? According to the scholars, there are several things that fall within the scope of Aqidah as follows:

1. Divine

Divineyat is the discussion of matters relating to divine affairs, especially discussing Allah SWT.

2. Nubuwwat

Nubuwwat, namely the discussion of matters related to the messengers of Allah (the prophets and apostles of Allah).

3. Spirituality

Ruhaniyat is a discussion of matters relating to supernatural beings. For example angels, demons, and jinn.

4. Sam’iyyat

Sam’iyyat is a discussion of matters relating to the unseen world. For example heaven, hell, cemetery, and others.

Now, after knowing the scope of aqidah, then in the next discussion, we will discuss the purpose of studying aqidah. So, keep reading this article until it’s finished, Matobers.

The Purpose of Studying Aqidah

For Muslims, studying Aqidah is an obligation. Referring to the notion of Aqidah, some of the objectives of studying Aqidah are as follows:

1. Increasing Worship of Allah SWT

People who understand Aqidah will easily give up their worship solely because of Allah SWT. From here, they will continue to try to increase their worship without any doubt. So, never hesitate to study Aqidah because the worship we live makes a person closer to Allah.

2. Calm the Soul

Aqidah aims to make the heart calmer because it can accept everything with sincerity, both good and bad destiny. This is because they believe that all of this has been arranged by God. They will also believe that God’s plan is far more beautiful, so they don’t have to worry about what will happen tomorrow.

3. Increase Good Deeds 

The true aim of Aqidah is to avoid misguided acts. Therefore, people who understand Aqidah well will always do good and stay away from bad deeds that are prohibited by Allah. They will always remember that every sinful act committed will be rewarded and tormented.

4. Upholding Religion 

Those who study Aqidah will never hesitate in doing good, especially to uphold their religion. In addition, they will always try to strengthen the pillars of their religion, including jihad. Basically, Aqidah will make people aware that what needs to be pursued is not only happiness in this world but also in the hereafter.

To explore or study Islamic Aqeedah, you can read the Smart Book of Ahlussunnah Waljama’ah Aqidah . In this book, besides being able to make it easier for readers to understand the creed, it can also make it easier for the reader to practice the aqeedah in everyday life.

Aqidah Privileges 

As explained earlier, we will discuss the features of Aqidah. Islamic Aqidah has several features, including:

1. Pure Image Source

Islamic Aqidah has a clear and pure foundation, namely the Qur’an, As Sunnah and ijma’ Salafush shalih. So, this Aqidah does not only interfere with human desires, reason or assumptions.

2. Aqidah About Unseen Things

Magical objects are anything that cannot be reached by the human senses. The Islamic Aqidah itself is based on surrender and submission to all things that don’t make sense.

3. Clear, Easy, And Bright

The Islamic Aqidah contains everything clearly without any deviations in it. In addition, all the arguments and their meanings are also very easy for everyone to understand.

4. Free From Paradox, Obscurity And Confusion

As previously explained, the main source of Islamic Aqeedah is very pure. Even the argument is also very clear. Therefore, free from elements of obscurity or paradox. In fact, the Islamic Aqeedah is not easily penetrated by evil from various directions.

Examples of Islamic Aqidah

In living their daily lives, Muslims must always adhere to the Islamic Aqeedah. As for some examples of Islamic Aqidah are as follows:

  1. Believe in Alla Ta’ala and His attributes by accepting and believing in what is written in the Al-Quran and As-Sunnah (hadith).
  2. Carry out the six pillars of faith in life according to Islamic teachings by carrying out God’s commands and avoiding His prohibitions.
  3. Mutual respect and love for fellow family members and society according to Islamic teachings. Want to do some activities together according to Islamic teachings, for example; perform congregational prayers. The latter does not accept fatwa, except based on the Al-Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam which is thabit (steadfast).

Aqidah Akhlak is something that needs to be learned and practiced by Muslims. Not only that, but moral principles should be taught since children are still in school. So, through the Akidah Akhlak book it is very fitting to be used as a reference for children who are still in school.

Aqidah deviation

Causes of Deviation from Aqidah Sahihah, namely:

1. Ignorance of Aqidah Sahihah

This is because they don’t want to learn and teach it, or because they don’t pay enough attention to it. So that a generation grows that does not know authentic aqidah and also does not know opponents or vice versa. As a result, they believe that what is right is wrong and what is wrong is right.

2. Ghuluw (Exaggeration)

In loving saints and pious people, and elevating them above the level they should be, so that they believe themselves in something that cannot be done except by Allah, either in the form of bringing benefits or rejecting harm. It also makes the saints as intermediaries between Allah and His creatures, so that they reach the level of worshiping the saints and not worshiping Allah.

3. Ghaflah (Neglect)

In the contemplation of the verses of Allah that are spread in this universe (verses of the Kauniyah) and the verses of Allah contained in His book (verses of the Qura’niyah). Apart from that, they are also lulled by the results of technology and culture, so they think that all of this is the result of human creation, so that they glorify humans and think that all progress is due solely to human efforts and discoveries. In general, today’s households do not have the right direction according to Islam.

4. The reluctance of educational media and information media in carrying out their duties 

Most of the educational curricula pay little attention to Islamic religious education, some even don’t care at all. Meanwhile, information media, both print and electronic, have turned into means of destruction and destruction, or at least only focus on material and entertainment. Not paying attention to things that can straighten morals and instill aqidah and fend off misguided sects.

Kinds of Aqidah

To understand more deeply about the meaning of aqidah, you also need to listen to the explanation of the following types of aqidah:

1. Aqidah Uluhiyah

The meaning of Aqidah Uluhiyah can be understood as a belief in all kinds of worship that are only done for Allah SWT. This can reflect the first pillar of faith, namely faith in Allah SWT.

2. Aqidah Ruhanniyah 

Furthermore, there is the Ruhanniyah aqidah, which means believing that the only creator in this world is Allah SWT. Muslims must believe that the entire universe, angels, jinns, demons and spirits are God’s creations that are submissive and obedient to Him.

3. Aqidah Nubuwwah

Nubuwwah Aqidah is a belief related to the prophets and messengers, including the books, miracles, and karomah that were revealed to them. Well, this Aqidah describes the third and fourth pillars of faith, namely faith in the Book and the Messenger of Allah.

4. Sam’iyyah Creed

Furthermore, there is aqidah sam’iyyah, namely belief about everything that can only be known through the arguments of the Qur’an and Assunah. This refers to the hereafter, the hereafter, the torment of the grave, the Day of Judgment, heaven and hell. This aqidah is the embodiment of the fifth and sixth pillars of faith, namely faith in the Last Day and faith in Qada and Qadar.

How to Maintain Aqidah?

Apart from understanding the meaning of Aqidah and its various forms, you also need to try to protect it. The following is an explanation of how to maintain Aqidah that you can follow.

1. Adding Or Deepening Knowledge.

The science referred to in this case is the science of monotheism (aqidah) as a whole. If you have mastered the science of Islamic Aqidah correctly, it will make you an honest, disciplined and polite person.

2. Always Seek Ridha Allah

If you want to achieve the pleasure of Allah in life, then do all activities according to the corridors set by Allah which have been explained and exemplified by the Prophet. Including the guidance contained in the holy book Al-Quran.

3. Get used to good deeds

After gaining knowledge, the aqeedah that has been mastered must be realized in the form of concrete actions in everyday life. This act is usually referred to as good deeds, both in the form of mahdhah worship and in the form of ghairu mahdhah worship.

4. Make it a habit to memorize and read and listen to the Koran

Dhikr covers all the potential of the human heart, so it is called memory of the tongue, memory of the heart, memory of the brain and memory of the limbs. Therefore, memory can also cultivate the potential of the human heart.

5. Advancing the Mosque

Muslims are encouraged to prosper the mosque because it is the first noble moral development institution in the time of the Prophet. This means that apart from worshiping, the mosque can also be used as a place to carry out education.

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