What is Artificial Intelligence ? Definiton and Examples

Are you aware that artificial intelligence technology or the cool term AI is currently widely scattered and applied in various fields of life. You can even find AI in everyday life, such as Google’s virtual assistant and Siri for example. Artificial intelligence is not a new thing, but its development has always been something that attracts attention.

In the development of AI, apart from its role in helping humans, it is also supported by the presence of many science fiction films related to AI. Thus increasing people’s interest in AI. You also need to know, AI is not always a virtual assistant like Jarvis in the Iron Man movie or always in the form of a robot. But AI is broader than that, AI can be applied in various ways by emphasizing machine intelligence that can respond like humans.

“Our intelligence is what makes us human, and AI is an extension of that quality.” (Yann LeCun)

Currently, almost all computer devices or modern technology have implemented artificial intelligence. As previously stated, you can feel AI when using a smartphone via Google’s virtual assistant or Siri. AI is predicted to keep evolving and getting smarter and you can’t avoid it.

What is Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelegence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a simulation of the intelligence possessed by humans which is modeled in machines and programmed to think like humans. Meanwhile, according to Mc Leod and Schell, artificial intelligence is the activity of providing machines such as computers with the ability to display behaviors that are considered as intelligent as if these abilities were displayed by humans.

In other words, AI is a computer system that can do jobs that generally require human power or human intelligence to complete the job.

AI itself is a technology that requires data to be used as knowledge, just like humans. AI needs experience and data so that its intelligence can be even better. Important points in the AI ​​process are learning reasoning and self-correction . AI needs to learn to enrich its knowledge. The AI ​​learning process is not always prompted by humans, but AI will learn by itself based on AI’s experience when used by humans.

What is quite interesting about AI is that it is capable of self- correction . If you’ve ever heard the AI ​​expression “If I never win, then at least I can’t lose” it’s a bit scary, too. AI is programmed to continue to learn and improve itself from the mistakes it has made.

If you are still confused about how AI works, let’s take one example, namely AlphaGo. When initially developed he was given 100,000 Go match data to study. Then, AlphaGo will play Go together with himself and every time he loses he will improve the way he plays and this playing process will be repeated millions of times.

One of the advantages of AI over humans is that AlphaGo’s AI is that humans can only play once at a time. While AI can simulate several matches at the same time. So that the learning process and experience can also be more than humans. This was proven when AlphaGo played with the world champion Go in 2016 he could be the winner.

Broadly speaking, an artificial intelligence can do one of the following four factors.

  1. Acting humanly , a system that can act like humans.
  2. Thinking humanly , a system that can think like humans.
  3. Think rationally , a system that is able to think rationally.
  4. Act rationally , a system capable of acting rationally.

Examples of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence or AI has been widely applied in various fields such as industry, medical, education, business and even in everyday life. Here are some examples of the application of AI that you usually encounter in everyday life.

1. DeepFace Facebook


One example of AI is Facebook’s DeepFace technology. This AI functions to recognize the faces of people in photo posts. With this technology, you no longer need to manually tag someone in the photo, because this AI will do it.

Maybe you are wondering, how did the AI ​​know that the person in the photo is you? You need to know that before the AI ​​can identify that the person in the photo is you, it will be trained based on the data. The data is obtained when you tag people in previous photos and from the results of AI suggestions for people in photos that you approve. After the AI ​​has practiced and has a lot of data, the AI ​​will later be able to identify the person in the photo.

2. E-Commerce Recommendations

Artificial Intelligence

One of the concepts of implementing AI that you often encounter is product recommendations in e-commerce. Maybe you’ve shopped at an e-commerce store and when you were shopping there were products that were recommended for you. The recommended product is not from someone who predicts what you will buy, right? The recommended product is the result of an AI process.

Then where does AI get the products that will be recommended? AI obtains data from you yourself, for example when you do a product search, purchase a product and you have seen any product. This data will be processed from the AI ​​concept, namely data mining so that AI will recommend the right products for you.

3. Virtual Assistant

Virtual Assistant

The next example of artificial intelligence is virtual assistants, there are many virtual assistant providers such as Google assistant, Siri or Alexa. Like assistants in general, you can also interact with virtual assistants. In addition, the virtual assistant can record when you have an appointment or event and provide information when the specified event time arrives.

You can also command this virtual assistant to send messages, play music, open applications and so on. This virtual assistant will also continue to learn as you use it, so the virtual assistant can know what you like and what you usually do.

Actually there are many more examples of the application of AI, such as the AI ​​features possessed by the camera on a smartphone that can adjust the camera according to the conditions at that time. Or the AI ​​of a Tesla car that can run without a driver.

4. Virtual reality (VR)

What is Artificial Intelligence ? Definiton and Examples

Virtual reality (VR) or also known as virtual reality is a technology that can make individuals interact in real with imaginary objects resulting from computer simulations. Generally, this technology is used as an observation tool in almost all fields. In the games industry VR is also often used.

VR technology coupled with AI can later be personalized according to the needs of its users. An imaginary example of applying AI in VR technology can be seen in the film Iron Man. In the film, all film characters can live and interact with the data.

5. Smart car

What is Artificial Intelligence ? Definiton and Examples

One of the applications of AI technology that facilitates human activities can be seen from smart cars. Lately, the Indonesian automotive market is booming , namely smart cars produced by Tesla. This car has been equipped with an AI ( Artificial Intelligence ) technology chip that can make this car run several sensors. Some of these sensors can run a radar system for autopilot features.

6. Smartphone camera

One of the applications of AI technology in smartphones is characterized by a good quality camera. Initially, best quakity could only be done using a professional camera. However, the presence of AI technology on cellphones can improve the ability of cellphone lenses to take pictures, record, and detect photo objects. This makes people who like photography do not have to bother to bring a camera when traveling.

7. Chatbot

Now, there are many websites or applications that use the help of chatbots. The ability of chatbots emerged because of the presence of AI. Chatbot is one of the applications of AI technology that will facilitate human activities. The reason is, chatbots can help you to reply to messages 24 hours a day, even all chatbot user information can be recorded. Based on the recording, you will get the person’s email, phone number, age and gender.


The adoption of AI has profoundly affected the way we live, interact and enhance our experience and comfort. AI is constantly evolving and there is much more to come in the years to come. Certainly an even better AI with more improvements, developments and implementations.

“Artificial intelligence has the same relationship with intelligence as artificial flowers with flowers” (David Parnas)

Artificial intelligence does not always have a negative connotation that will replace the role of humans. Although there are some jobs that can be replaced by AI, AI also brings new jobs or professions such as data scientist for example.

One thing that is important, you should not be too negative about the capabilities of AI. But you should be worried about the AI’s incompetence now. Maybe you can’t learn a lot at once like AI, but you can work with AI. Maybe there is something that humans need to take hundreds of years to find, whereas with the collaboration between you and AI it can be found in a matter of days.