Learn Programming Languages ​​For Beginners

Programming has become a part of our daily life. When you open the app, each of its features is driven by various kinds of code. Likewise with websites or software. Everything needs code to be able to work according to its function.

Because of that, you must be interested in learning more about programming, right? If so, calm down! You’ve come to the right article!

Here you will find out the best steps for learning a programming language or code written to drive a program or device .

Starting from which programming language you need to learn to how to practice programming. Anyway, here we will answer your questions one by one.

What is a Programming Language?

Basically, programming languages ​​function to create a program through a collection of codes (syntax) .

By studying it, you will understand the “language” to “tell” the program to do something.

In practice, you must have seen it often, either on the website or in the application.

For example, suppose you open the Skyscanner application and then make a flight ticket booking. Well, the booking process is run by the codes in the application.

Or suppose you turn on a song on Spotify. The song you are playing can be heard because there is a code that instructs the application to play the song.

Basic Concepts of Programming

Then, what are the basic concepts of programming or how programming languages work ?

So, the basic concept of programming consists of five phases , namely: originating, input, processing, output, and distribution:

  1. Originating – The process of collecting data.
  2. Input – The process of entering data into the device.
  3. Process – The phase in which data is processed in a way that is calculated, sorted, and grouped.
  4. Output – The processed data is displayed in the device.
  5. Distribution – The process of disseminating information from the resulting data.

Programming Language Writing Process

Before learn programming language, you must first know how to write it. Here are the steps:

  1. First of all, you have to write program code using a certain programming language.
  2. Once you’re done writing the code, you’ll be releasing the . There are several stages of release in the development of a program. Starting from the alpha and beta stages , to the live release .
  3. Once it’s released, you’ll need to debug it to identify errors in the program.
  4. If any errors are found, you need to make repairs and release a new version of the program .
  5. Perform regular maintenance so that there are no gaps in the program’s errors. In addition, do not forget to update.

Programming Language Category

Is every programming language on the same level? Certainly not. Each language is categorized based on how easily it is understood by humans.

So, there are three categories of programming languages, namely Machine Language, Assembly Language , and High Level Languages.

  1. Machine Language – The native language of the machine, usually consisting of binary numbers (0100101).
  2. Assembly Language – Simplification of machine language. Usually the instructions are in the form of abbreviations, such as ADD and MOV.
  3. High Level Language – The programming language that is easiest for humans to understand. Because the command already uses a language that is understood. Examples of languages ​​such as C++, PHP, and Java.

Types of Programming Languages

There are many types of programming languages ​​out there. And, each programming language has a different function.

The following are the most popular types of programming languages, namely:

the most popular types of programming languages
the most popular types of programming languages. source : statistictimes.com


Programming language Function
Python Python has a wide range of functions. Starting from web development, business applications, to AI and Machine Learning .
Java Generally used to develop web applications or Android applications.
JavaScript Useful for web application development, mobile applications or games.
C# Usually used for cross application development, especially for business.
PHP Works for website development and CMS ( Content Management System )
C++ Generally used to develop games. If you interseted in android gaming, maybe you need to read this article android emulator for low end pc.
R Usually used to process data and statistics.
Objective C Useful for creating software on OS X or iOS.
Swift This programming language is generally used to create applications on iOS.

Maybe you think, if you want to be a good programmer, why not just learn all programming languages?

Eits, wait a minute. Because each programming language has a different function, each developer also needs a different language.

That’s why you just need to learn several programming languages ​​but in depth.

Which Programming Language Should You Learn?

Okay, if you’re still confused about which programming language you want to learn, you just have to figure out what you want to do.

Because, as you can see in the table above, each programming language has a different function. So, programmers with different specializations will likely use different programming languages.

To make it easier for you to understand, here are some career choices for programmers and the programming languages ​​they usually use:

Profession Commonly Used Programming Languages
Web Developer HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, MySQL
Software Developer JavaScript, Java, Python
Database Administrator Java, Python, Oracle
Computer Systems Analyst Java, JavaScript, Python
Software QA (Quality Assurance) Analyst Java, JavaScript, Python
Business Intelligence Analyst Java, R, Python
Network System Administrator Python, PERL, Java